Long past are the days of daily fire starting. Throughout history mankind has relied on the simple fire to maintain our existence. From the days of the first creators of fire, to the early settlers of America, fire use to be a daily chore for cooking, warmth, machinery and transportation.
Within the last 150 years we have become so accustom to modern heating systems and automated/thermostatic products such as forced air home heaters, electric space heaters, cigarette lighters and other modern ignition systems. While the technology has greatly improved our quality of life it has drastically separated us from the once commonplace knowledge and simple widely used techniques.
In this section we will attempt to provide basic instructions and the various tips tricks and techniques used under normal and adverse conditions to start and maintain fires, and the proper ways to extinguish and clean them up.
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Tips & Tricks
If wet or snowy conditions, do not dig fire pit.
Form a large pile of tinder (dry leaves, grass, moss, etc)
Use pine or spruce twigs for kindling
Find dry wood under bark, and split dead branches
Arrange kindling in a tee pee or triangle form.
Light fire low on windward side. Have extra tinder on hand.
If your lighter will not light:
Build a pile of ferro cerium shavings from rolling the lighter wheel slowly on top of a piece of char cloth, then spark
If your lighter is lost or broken:
Create a spark by striking any glassy hard stone to a piece of steel.
If you have a battery, use steel wool or thin wires to cross the terminals and create sparks.
If all else fails, try to magnify the sun, or make a bow drill.
Build your fire to last by not letting it get too hot, and keep it small.
Little fire warm body, big fire cold butt